2 edition of Global 2100: alternative scenarios for reducing carbon emissions. found in the catalog.
Global 2100: alternative scenarios for reducing carbon emissions.
A. S. Manne
by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in Paris
Written in English
|Series||Working papers / Economics Department, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development -- 111|
|Contributions||Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Economics Department.|
NASA urges practical solutions for reducing greenhouse gases. An Alternative Scenario." Research into technology that reduces carbon dioxide emissions, such as carbon sequestration, and. Payments for reduced carbon emissions from deforestation (RED) are now attracting attention as a way to halt tropical deforestation. Northern Sumatra comprises an area of 65 km 2 that is both the site of Indonesia's first planned RED initiative, and the stronghold of 92% of remaining Sumatran orangutans. Under current plans, this RED initiative will be implemented in a defined .
Climate change mitigation scenarios are possible futures in which global warming is reduced by deliberate actions, such as a comprehensive switch to energy sources other than fossil are actions that minimize emissions so atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are stabilized at levels that restrict the adverse consequences of climate change. Natl Acad. Sci. – ()This paper was one of the first to point out that reductions in non-CO 2 GHG emissions could reduce the rate of global warming during the next half.
Economic and Environmental Assessment of Spare Parts Production Using Additive Manufacturing: /ch This chapter aims to investigate the potential economic and environmental sustainability outcomes of additive manufacturing (AM) for spare parts : Atanu Chaudhuri, Dennis Massarola. Three climate policy scenarios with increasing mitigation stringency of , , and W/m2 in year (equivalent to the SRES A2, B2, and B1 emission scenarios, respectively), under two carbon tax regimes (a universal carbon tax (UCT) which includes land use change emissions, and a fossil fuel and industrial emissions carbon tax (FFICT.
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Downloadable. This paper forms part of an OECD project which addresses the issue of the cost of reducing CO2 emissions by comparing the results from six global models of a set of standardised reduction scenarios.
The project provides evidence on: i)projected carbon dioxide emissions through the next century, and ii) the carbon taxes and output costs entailed in reducing these emissions.
Get this from a library. Global alternative scenarios for reducing carbon emissions. [Alan Sussmann Manne; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Economics Department.]. Get this from a library. Global Alternative Scenarios for Reducing Carbon Emissions. [Alan Manne]. Two Carbon Emission Reduction Scenarios In addition to a base case in which there are no carbon emission constraints or any other measures aimed at the reduction of carbon emissions, Global calculates two alternative cases.
In one case, regional carbon emissions are constrained by upper bounds on the appropriate model by: 4. Under our reference scenario, this represents a 25% reduction in emissions, while under other alternative scenarios it is between 32% and 39%.
On the other hand, the International Energy Agency () INDC scenario aims at an 8% change in versusan increase of about 3 by: Combined with a reduction of black carbon emissions and plausible success in slowing CO2 emissions, this reduction of non-CO2 GHGs could lead to a decline in the rate of global warming, reducing the danger of dramatic climate by: scenario.
This scenario focuses on reducing non-CO2 GHGs and black carbon during the next 50 years. Our estimates of global climate forcings indicate that it is the non-CO2 GHGs that have caused most observed global warming. This interpretation does not alter the desirability of limiting CO2 emissions, because theCited by: (a) Description of the tCDR scenarios and their potentials in in terms of permanent carbon extraction (GtC) and years of emissions delayed (years) with respect to RCP's and RCP's emissions; (b) The impacts of tCDR on land conversion (Mha) and remaining forest extent (reforestation potential), food production (% loss of kcal cap Cited by: to zero at the rate for the decade –; and (5) an Alternative Abatement Scenario proposed to us as an alternative to the IEA Scenario intended to achieve ppm of atmospheric CO 2 concentrations.
In this latter scenario, cumulative emissions from to in the alternative scenario are about 77% of cumulative emissions in. In a scenario of global warming, prolonged exposition of previously immobilized C could result in higher carbon dioxide emission during the early fire succession.
Carbon emissions Summary Alternative scenario: Rapid transition Beyond Annex Key figures, definitions and sources Global backdrop 16 GDP, prosperity and energy intensity 18 Alternative scenario: More energy 22 Dual challenge: More energy, less carbon 24File Size: 2MB.
Scenarios are classified according to their cumulative carbon emissions ( toall sources), the best single quantitative indicator available to compare emission scenarios that portray widely different dynamics and different combinations and magnitude of a variety of emission categories.
Field measurements and model results have recently shown that aerosols may have important climatic impacts. One line of inquiry has investigated whether reducing climate-warming soot or black carbon aerosol emissions can form a viable component of mitigating global warming.
We review and acknowledge scientific arguments against considering aerosols and greenhouse gases in a common Cited by: The compact Earth system model OSCARv is used to assess the climate impact of present and future civil aviation carbon dioxide (CO 2) impact of aviation CO 2 on future climate is quantified over the – period, extending some simulations to and using different aviation CO 2 emission scenarios and two background Representative Concentrations Pathways Cited by: 3.
Light-weighting of passenger cars using high-strength steel or aluminum is a common emissions mitigation strategy. We provide a first estimate of the global impact of light-weighting by material substitution on GHG emissions from passenger cars and the steel and aluminum industries until We develop a dynamic stock model of the global car fleet and combine it with a dynamic MFA of the Cited by: Emissions D.W.
Barns, J.A. Edmonds and J.M. Reilly, Paficif Northwest Laboratory, Washington, D.C. The Welfare Effects of Fossil Carbon Restrictions: Results from a Recursively Dynamic Trade Model T. Rutherford, University of Western Ontario Global Alternative Scenario for Reducing Carbon Emissions Alan S.
Manne, Stanford. The F scenario is a high-growth, high-emissions scenario designed specifically to be used as a reference against which to evaluate alternatives. Carbon emissions and.
could be near zero. Combined with a reduction of black carbon emissions and plausible success in slowing COl emissions, this reduction of non-CO2 GHGs could lead to a decline in the rate of global warming, reducing the danger of dramatic climate change.
Such a focus on air pollution has practical benefits that unite the. Combined with a reduction of black carbon emissions and plausible success in slowing CO 2 emissions, this reduction of non-CO 2 GHGs could lead to a decline in the rate of global warming, reducing the danger of dramatic climate change.
Such a focus on air pollution has practical benefits that unite the interests of developed and developing by: Hansen et al. propose to reduce the black carbon content of aerosols in order to increase the cooling effect of aerosols.
In the absence of changes in net sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emissions, less black carbon as a result of pollution controls would, indeed, lead to increased technology for reducing soot emissions is widespread, and it is reasonable to assume that future Cited by:.
Projected total energy-related emissions in (measured in GtCO 2-eq) were for the IEA WEO reference scenario, for the ABARE reference scenario, for the SRES A1 scenario, and for the SRES B2 scenario.
Emissions for the mitigation scenarios were for the IEA WEO Alternative Policy scenario, for the ABARE. T he prevailing wisdom about China's greenhouse gas [[HN1]] emissions is that they are increasing steadily, because of the large quantities of coal being used to fuel a fast-growing industrial economy, and most projections show China's greenhouse gas emissions continuing to grow in the coming decades [[HN2]] ().
However, we find that China's CO2 emissions declined by % Cited by: Biofuels can reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and thus reduce carbon dioxide emissions, because biofuels are carbon neutral. More specifically, the carbon dioxide that is emitted when a biofuel is burned merely returns to the atmospheric carbon dioxide that was taken into plants from the atmosphere by by: 5.